Cold Process Soap Class 101 is a free soap making class available
online from Natures Garden. We know when you're just starting out
CP soap making can be a little overwhelming. With this free class
you will be a professional soap maker in no time! This free class
will give you safety tips as well as a beginner's cold process soap

Items Needed

Rubber Gloves

Plastic Safety Goggles

Sodium Hydroxide (Lye)

Distilled Water

Digital Scale

Stick Blender (emulsifying blender)

Stainless Steel Stock Pot or Bowl

Extra small plastic containers to
mix colors in(like butter or yogurt

Long handled plastic spoon or spatula

2 quart plastic pitcher
(dishwasher safe so you know it
withstands heat)

A kitchen thermometer

Freezer Paper to line molds and to
protect work surface from lye spills.

Molds: You can use any shape or size
plastic, wooden, or silicone container.

Paper towels for small spills

Bottle of Vinegar in case of lye or raw
soap coming in contact with skin

Your choice of oils to be soaped

Your choice of fragrance for soap
(Body Safe Only!)

Your choice of body safe color for soap


Never use any equipment for food prep once soap has been made in it.
As clean as you think it may be, it will still gather solvent and
other chemicals into the wall linings and become toxic if ingested.

Never use tin or aluminum equipment of any kind; lye reacts with it
in a violent manner!

Bastille Soap Recipe

Bastille Olive Oil Soap-2 Pound Batch

Olive Oil

Coconut Oil (76 Degree Melt Point)

Castor Oil

Sodium Hydroxide (Lye)

Distilled Water

In Percentages for Advanced Soapers

75% Olive Oil

20% Coconut Oil

5% Castor Oil

In Ounces & Grams for Beginning Soapers

24 oz Olive Oil (680 grams)

6.4 oz Coconut Oil (181.5 grams)

1.6 oz Castor Oil (45.4 grams)

12.16 oz Water (345 grams)

4.4 oz Lye (125 grams)

Letís Get Started!

Itís important to prep your area with the equipment and items you will
need before you start. You don`t want to have to stop half way through
and run to go get something!

Preparing Your Lye Mixture

You should be mixing your lye solution in a very well ventilated area.
No kids or pets anywhere nearby! Lye is very caustic and will create
fumes that should not be inhaled as they can burn the tissue of your
lungs. Also if it gets splashed on you, it can cause a nasty burn on
the skin.

So keep a bottle of vinegar with you when mixing your lye just in case;
it will neutralize the lye and stop the burning process immediately.

Also, NEVER pour water into your lye, it will cause a violent reaction;
always pour lye into your liquid and stir slowly to incorporate together.
Keep stirring until its all dissolved. It will begin heating up immediately
and get very hot. This is normal. Make sure not to breath in any fumes
during this process. Once dissolved let lye cool down. You can test the
temperature occasionally. It should reach a comfortable 100 to 120 degrees

While the lye is cooling you can begin to prepare your oils.

Preparing Your Oils

Weigh out each of your oils according to the recipe you have.

Add your hard oils or butters to your stainless steel pot and
slowly melt on low heat. Do not heat on high as this will cause
your oils to burn.

Slowly add your other oils to this to bring them all up to the
same temperature.

Now set aside and let them cool to about the same temp as your
lye; general rule of thumb is they should be at least 5-10
degrees of each other.

Once both lye and oils have reached their proper temps, bring
both over to your prepared work area.

Next Step

Now weigh out the amount of fragrance oil in a separate container
or measuring glass and set aside in your prepared work area.

Get your molds ready. If using a box or wooden mold, line it with
your freezer paper.

If using any colors add them to your smaller containers now to be
ready for soap to be poured into them.

Lets Make Soap!

Using your long handled spoon or spatula, slowly pour your lye mixture
into your oils, stirring at the same time. You will see an immediate
reaction as the lye starts to bond with the oils and it becomes white or
cream colored.

Set aside your now empty lye container in a safe spot.

Using your stick blender, gently immerse into the soap batter and begin to
blend. All oils should be completely turned to that creamy white and have
a thin pudding like consistency.

Slowly blend in your fragrance oils until completely incorporated.

If coloring, now add to your separated bowl with the colors in them and
quickly blend. Try to not over blend as this will make the soap very thick
and it becomes difficult to pour into your molds.

Now pour your soap batter into you prepared mold.

Now cover your soap molds with newspaper or plastic wrap and set them
somewhere they wonít be disturbed!

Now depending on your recipe this needs to sit for 24-48 hours. You can
test it by lightly touching it with a gloved finger (its still caustic at
this point) to see if it easily leaves a dent in the soap. If it doesnít,
your ready to unmold your soap!

Take out very gently and unmold as it will still be somewhat soft and can
be dented. Unmold on your freezer paper as it will leave a bit of a mess
still at this point. Now slice the soap into your desired sizes. If left
too long to cut it will become too brittle and flake away.

Now set in a cool ventilated area to dry and cure anywhere from 2-6 weeks
depending on your recipe.

Natures Garden is not responsible for the performance of any of the
recipes provided on our website. Testing is your responsibility. If
you plan to resell any recipes we provide, it is your responsibility
to adhere to all FDA regulations. If there are ingredients listed in
a recipe that Natures Garden does not sell, we cannot offer any advice
on where to purchase those ingredients.

Congratulations! Youíre a Soap Maker!

Cold Process Soap Class 101




The list is fairly short and mostly common sense. There's no way
to make it interesting, but read through it anyway. Becoming
familiar with these lye and lye/water safety precautions will make
your soap projects rewarding, not painful.

1. Lye is a caustic and poisonous so treat it with care.

2. Be careful not to inhale the dust when working and work in a
well-ventilated area. Soapmaking is easiest if you have quick
access to the stove and sink, making the kitchen the ideal work
area. Use the exhaust hood when mixing lye or mix lye outside.

3. Have adequate space to work on. Protect all work surfaces.
Lye can "redesign" your kitchen!

4. Wear protective goggles and rubber gloves, long sleeve shirts
and close fitting clothing; protect your feet, no sandals.

5. Lye corrodes metal so remove all jewelry before making soap.

6. If you accidentally get lye on your skin, flush the area with
ordinary vinegar and wash well with soap and water. (Lye will feel
slippery on skin.) Lye in the eye necessitates a visit to the
emergency room.

7. Do not leave the area unattended. If you're tired or short of
time, leave soapmaking for another day.

8. When mixing lye with water, always add lye to the water, not
the other way around. Pour it carefully in a steady stream.

9. Do not place bowls/pots near the edge of the counter.

10. Never reuse lye containers, stirring spoons or molds for other

11. Do not attempt to heat lye in microwave or on the stove.

12. Children and pets should be kept away from the work area until
all equipment has been cleaned and put away.

13. Let soap cure undisturbed - away from children and pets.

Lye Safety Precautions




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